Mahatma Gandhi Wiki | Family | In Hindi | Essay | Kashi Vidhyapith | Quote
Mahatma Gandhi Age, Wiki, Biography, Caste, Wife, Son, Family. Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of Indian Independence Movement against British Rule. He was born on 2 October 1969 in Porbandar, Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, Bombay Presidency, British India (now Gujarat, India). Mahatma Gandhi was died on 30 January 1948 (Aged 78 Years) in New Delhi, Delhi, Dominion of India and His Cause of Death is Assassination. He was a Lawyer, Politician, Activist and Writer by Profession. Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of Indian National Congress (Political Party). In India He also called as Bapu Ji and Gandhi Ji and also he is unofficially called the Father of Nation. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Childhood & Early Life
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, then part of Kathiawar Agency, in British Indian Empire. His father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi worked as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. His mother Putlibai was Karamchand’s fourth wife. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
His mother was an extremely religious lady who had a great influence on the young Mohandas. However as he grew up, he developed a rebellious streak and defied many of his family norms. He started drinking alcohol and eating meat which were activities strictly prohibited in his traditional Hindu family. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
He was a mediocre student in school though he occasionally won prizes and scholarships. He passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay in 1887 and enrolled at the Samaldas College in Bhavnagar.
In 1888, he received the opportunity to study law at the Inner Temple in London. Thus he left the Samaldas College and sailed to England in August. There he studied law and jurisprudence with the intention of becoming a barrister.
While in England he was once again drawn towards his childhood values which he had renounced as a teenager. He became involved with the vegetarian movement and met members of the Theosophical Society who kindled his interest in religion. He completed his studies successfully and was called to the bar in June 1891. He then returned to India.
Religion and Beliefs
Gandhi grew up worshiping the Hindu god Vishnu and following Jainism, a morally rigorous ancient Indian religion that espoused non-violence, fasting, meditation and vegetarianism. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
During Gandhi’s first stay in London, from 1888 to 1891, he became more committed to a meatless diet, joining the executive committee of the London Vegetarian Society, and started to read a variety of sacred texts to learn more about world religions. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Living in South Africa, Gandhi continued to study world religions. “The religious spirit within me became a living force,” he wrote of his time there. He immersed himself in sacred Hindu spiritual texts and adopted a life of simplicity, austerity, fasting and celibacy that was free of material goods.
Mahatma Gandhi Wiki
Mahatma Gandhi Aged 78 Years Old, He died 30 January 1948 in New Delhi, India for Assassination by shooting. His Father Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan Chief Minister of Porbandar State and His Mother Putlibai Gandhi. He has two brothers Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi & Karsandas Gandhi and a sister Raliatbehn Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi Caste by Modh Baniya and Religion Hinduism. He was highly talented and educated person, who completed Barrister-at-law. Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturba Gandhi. The couple blessed with four sons, Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Mahatma Gandhi Nationality Indian and Sun Sign/Horoscope is Libra. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Mahatma Gandhi Height 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) and Weight 50 Kg (109 Pounds). His Body Measurements is Unknown. Mahatma Gandhi has Black Color Eye and He was bald by hair. He was the great leader in India of all time. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Gandhi’s Ashram & the Indian Caste System
In 1915 Gandhi founded an ashram in Ahmedabad, India, that was open to all castes. Wearing a simple loincloth and shawl, Gandhi lived an austere life devoted to prayer, fasting and meditation. He became known as “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.” Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
In 1932, Gandhi, at the time imprisoned in India, embarked on a six-day fast to protest the British decision to segregate the “untouchables,” those on the lowest rung of India’s caste system, by allotting them separate electorates. The public outcry forced the British to amend the proposal. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
He struggled professionally for the next two years before accepting a contract from Dada Abdulla & Co., an Indian firm, to a post in the Colony of Natal, South Africa, a part of the British Empire, in 1893.
The years spent in South Africa proved to be a profound spiritual and political experience for Gandhi. There he witnessed situations he had no idea about previously. He, along with all the other colored people were subjected to rampant discrimination.
Once he was asked to move from the first-class in a train in spite of having a valid ticket solely on the basis of his color, and another time he was asked to remove his turban. He refused both the times.
These incidents angered him and kindled in him the spirit to fight for social justice. Even though his original job contract with Dada Abdulla & Co. was just for one year, he extended his stay in the country in order to fight for the rights of people of Indian descent. He spent over 20 years in the country during which he helped found the Natal Indian Congress which aimed at molding the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
In the late afternoon of January 30, 1948, the 78-year-old Gandhi, weakened from repeated hunger strikes, clung to his two grandnieces as they led him from his living quarters in New Delhi’s Birla House to a prayer meeting. Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims, knelt before the Mahatma Gandhi before pulling out a semiautomatic pistol and shooting him three times at point-blank range. The violent act took the life of a pacifist who spent his life preaching nonviolence. Godse and a co-conspirator were executed by hanging in November 1949, while additional conspirators were sentenced to life in prison. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Return to India & Non Co-operation Movement
Mohandas Gandhi had gained a reputation as a fearless civil rights activist while In South Africa. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, asked Gandhi to return to India and join the others in India’s struggle for freedom. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He joined the Indian National Congress and by 1920 established himself as a dominant figure in the Indian political scenario. He was a strict adherent to the principle of non-violence and believed that non-violent civil disobedience measures were the best means to protest against the British rule.Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Wife and Family
Mahatma Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India. His mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious woman who fasted regularly.
At the age of 13, Mahatma Gandhi wed Kasturba Makanji, a merchant’s daughter, in an arranged marriage. In 1885, he endured the passing of his father and shortly after that the death of his young baby. In 1888, Gandhi’s wife gave birth to the first of four surviving sons. A second son was born in India 1893; Kasturba would give birth to two more sons while living in South Africa, one in 1897 and one in 1900. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
In the late 1920s the British government appointed a new constitutional reform commission under Sir John Simon but did not include any Indian as its member. This infuriated Gandhi who pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December 1928 demanding the British government to grant India dominion status or face another non co-operation campaign aimed at attaining complete independence for the country.
The British did not respond and thus the Indian National Congress decided to declare the independence of India—the Purna Swaraj. On 31 December 1929, the flag of India was unfurled at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress and the independence of India was declared. The Congress called on to the citizens to pledge themselves to civil disobedience until India attained complete independence.
During that time, the British’s Salt Laws which prohibited Indians from collecting and selling salt and forced them to pay for heavily taxed British salt were in place. Gandhi launched the Salt March, a non-violent protest against the British-imposed tax on salt in March 1930.
He led a march of 388 kilometers (241 miles) from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself. He was joined by thousands of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against British rule. This led to his arrest and imprisonment along with over 60,000 of his followers. He continued playing an active role in the independence movement post his release. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
India’s Independence from Great Britain
Gandhi returned to India to find himself imprisoned once again in January 1932 during a crackdown by India’s new viceroy, Lord Willingdon. After his eventual release, Gandhi left the Indian National Congress in 1934, and leadership passed to his protégé Jawaharlal Nehru. He again stepped away from politics to focus on education, poverty and the problems afflicting India’s rural areas. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
As Great Britain found itself engulfed in World War II in 1942, though, Gandhi launched the “Quit India” movement that called for the immediate British withdrawal from the country. In August 1942, the British arrested Gandhi, his wife and other leaders of the Indian National Congress and detained them in the Aga Khan Palace in present-day Pune. “I have not become the King’s First Minister in order to preside at the liquidation of the British Empire,” Prime Minister Winston Churchill told Parliament in support of the crackdown. With his health failing, Gandhi was released after a 19-month detainment, but not before his 74-year-old wife died in his arms in February 1944.
After the Labour Party defeated Churchill’s Conservatives in the British general election of 1945, it began negotiations for Indian independence with the Indian National Congress and Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s Muslim League. Gandhi played an active role in the negotiations, but he could not prevail in his hope for a unified India. Instead, the final plan called for the partition of the subcontinent along religious lines into two independent states—predominantly Hindu India and predominantly Muslim Pakistan. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Violence between Hindus and Muslims flared even before independence took effect on August 15, 1947. Afterwards, the killings multiplied. Gandhi toured riot-torn areas in an appeal for peace and fasted in an attempt to end the bloodshed. Some Hindus, however, increasingly viewed Gandhi as a traitor for expressing sympathy toward Muslims. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
The nationalist movement had gained much momentum by the time the World War II broke out in 1939. In the midst of the war, Gandhi launched another civil disobedience campaign, the Quit India Movement, demanding “an orderly British withdrawal” from India. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
He gave a speech launching the movement on August 8, 1942, calling for determined, but passive resistance. Even though the movement received massive support, he also faced criticism from both pro-British and anti-British political groups. He was criticized for his strict refusal to support Britain in World War II, as some felt that it was unethical to not support Britain in its struggle against Nazi Germany.
Despite the criticism, Mahatma Gandhi remained steadfast in his adherence to the principle of non- violence and called on all Indians to maintain disciple in their struggle for ultimate freedom. Within hours of his powerful speech, Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were arrested by the British. He was imprisoned for two years and released before the end of the war in May 1944.
The Quit India Movement became the most forceful movement in the history of the Indian independence struggle and is believed to have played a major role in securing the independence of India in 1947. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Indian Independence & Partition
While the Indian National Congress and Gandhi called for the British to quit India, the Muslim League passed a resolution for them to divide and quit. Gandhi was opposed to the concept of partition as it contradicted his vision of religious unity. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Gandhi suggested that the Congress and Muslim League co-operate and attain independence under a provisional government, and decide about the question of partition later on. Gandhi was deeply troubled by the thought of partition and personally tried his best to unite Indians belonging to different religions and communities. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
When the Muslim League called for the Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946, it led to widespread riot and manslaughter between Hindus and Muslims in the city of Calcutta. Distraught, Gandhi personally visited the most riot-prone areas and tried to stop the massacres. In spite of his best efforts, the Direct Action Day marked the worst communal riots that British India had seen and set off a series of riots elsewhere in the country.
- When independence was finally achieved on 15 August 1947, it also saw the formation of the two new dominions of India and Pakistan following the Partition of India in which more than half a million lost their lives and 14 million Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were displaced.
Even after Gandhi’s assassination, his commitment to nonviolence and his belief in simple living — making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest — have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people throughout the world. Satyagraha remains one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today, and Gandhi’s actions inspired future human rights movements around the globe, including those of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. in the United States and Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Awards & Achievements
Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian polymath, accorded the title of “Mahatma” (meaning “high-souled” or “venerable” in Sanskrit), to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
‘Time’ magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930.
Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948 though he was never awarded the prize. The Nobel Committee publicly declared its regret for the omission decades later. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Mahatma Gandhi Age, Wiki, Biography, Caste, Wife, Son, Family
|Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Real Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Nickname||Mahatma, Father of the Nation and Bapu|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist, Philosopher|
|Age (as on 30 January 1948)||78 Years|
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869|
|Birthplace||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Date of Death||30 January 1948 in New Delhi, India|
|Death Cause||Assassination by shooting|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Libra|
|Height, Weight & Body Measurements||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Height in Centimeters||168 cm|
|Height in meters||1.68 m|
|Height in Inches||5’ 6”|
|Weight in Kilograms||50 Kg|
|Weight in Pounds||109 Pounds|
|Body Measurements||Not Known|
|Chest Size||Not Known|
|Waist Size||Not Known|
|Biceps Size||Not Known|
|Shoe Size||10 Inches|
|Family and Relatives||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Father||Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state|
|Mother||Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)|
|Brother||Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi, Karsandas Gandhi|
|Affairs, Girlfriends and Marital Status||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Wife/ Spouse||Kasturba Gandhi|
|Education and School, College||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|School||A Local School in Rajkot
Alfred High School, Rajkot
A High School in Ahmedabad
|College/ University||Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India
Inner Temple, London
UCL Faculty of Laws, University College London
|Favorites Things and Like & Dislike||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Favorite Persons||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra, and his mother Putlibai|
|Favorite Author||Leo Tolstoy|
|Favorite Color||Not Available|
|Favorite Food||Not Available|
|Favorite Movie||Not Available|
|Hobbies||Roaming About, Reading books, Listening to Music|
|Money Factor||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|Net Worth||Not Available|
|Contact Address||Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.|
|House Address||Not Available|
|Phone Number||Not Available|
|Email Id||Not Available|
Top 10 Facts You Did Not Know About Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace prize five times and the committee regrets not giving him the prize to this day. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Gandhi believed that walking is the best exercise and walked around 18 km every day, for 40 years!
His civil disobedience movement which inspired thousands across the globe was itself inspired by a Briton, Henry Stephens Salt, who introduced Gandhi to the works of Henry David Thoreau which had a profound impact on his thinking. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
Gandhi was responsible for the Civil Rights movement in 12 countries across four continents.
He spoke English with an Irish accent, for one of his first teachers was an Irishman.
While in South Africa, Gandhi promoted football in his non-violent campaigns and helped establish three football clubs in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg.
Apple co-founder Steve Jobs was a fan of Mahatma Gandhi and wore circular glasses as a tribute to the great man. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
He corresponded with a lot of prominent personalities of his time including Leo Tolstoy, Einstein and Hitler.
Great Britain—the very country he fought against in India’s quest for independence—released a stamp in his honor in 1969. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
The clothes he wore when he was shot are still preserved in Gandhi Museum, Madurai. Mahatma Gandhi Wiki, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, Mahatma Gandhi Family.
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