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Manmohan Singh Wiki – 13th Prime Minister of India

Manmohan Singh Wiki

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Manmohan Singh Wiki conceived 26 September 1932) is an Indian financial specialist and legislator who filled in as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The principal Sikh in office, Singh was likewise the primary leader since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-chosen in the wake of finishing an entire five-year term. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Conceived in Gah (now in Punjab, Pakistan), Singh’s family moved to India amid its segment in 1947. Subsequent to getting his doctorate in financial matters from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations amid 1966– 69. Manmohan Singh in this manner started his bureaucratic profession when Lalit Narayan Mishra contracted him as a counselor in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Over the 80s, Singh held a few key posts in the Government of India, for example, Chief Economic Advisor (1972– 76), Reserve Bank senator (1982– 85) and Planning Commission head (1985– 87). Manmohan Singh Wiki

In 1991, as India confronted a serious monetary emergency, recently chose Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao shockingly drafted the unopinionated Singh into his bureau as Finance Minister. Throughout the following couple of years, in spite of solid resistance, Manmohan Singh as a Finance Minister completed a few basic changes that changed India’s economy. In spite of the fact that these measures demonstrated fruitful in turning away the emergency, and upgraded Singh’s notoriety internationally as a main change disapproved of financial expert, the occupant Congress party fared ineffectively in the 1996 general race. Along these lines, Singh filled in as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (the upper place of Parliament of India) amid the Atal Bihari Vajpayee administration of 1998– 2004. Manmohan Singh Wiki

In 2004, when the Congress-drove United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to control, its executive Sonia Gandhi surprisingly surrendered the prevalence to Manmohan Singh. Singh’s first service executed a few key enactments and ventures, including the Rural Health Mission, Unique Identification Authority, Rural Employment Guarantee plan and Right to Information Act. In 2008, restriction to a noteworthy common atomic concurrence with the United States about made Singh’s administration fall after Left Front gatherings pulled back their help. In spite of the fact that India’s economy became quickly under UPA I, its security was undermined by a few fear based oppressor episodes (counting the 2008 Mumbai assaults) and the proceeding with Maoist uprising. Manmohan Singh Wiki

The 2009 general decision saw the UPA come back with an expanded order, with Singh holding the workplace of Prime Minister. Throughout the following couple of years, Singh’s second service government confronted various debasement allegations—over the association of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the 2G range assignment case and the designation of coal squares. After his term finished in 2014 Manmohan Singh quit from the race to the workplace of the Prime Minister of India amid 2014 Indian general decision. Singh was never an individual from the Lok Sabha yet keeps on filling in as an individual from the Parliament of India, speaking to the province of Assam in the Rajya Sabha for the fifth back to back term since 1991. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Early life and education

Singh was destined to Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur on 26 September 1932, in Gah, Punjab, British India, into a Sikh family. Manmohan Singh lost his mom when Manmohan Singh was exceptionally youthful and was raised by his fatherly grandma, to whom he was close. Manmohan Singh Wiki

After the Partition of India, his family moved to Amritsar, India, where Manmohan Singh learned at Hindu College. Manmohan Singh went to Panjab University, at that point in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, considering Economics and got his lone ranger’s and graduate degrees in 1952 and 1954, separately, standing first all through his scholarly profession. He finished his Economics Tripos at University of Cambridge as he was an individual from St John’s College in 1957. Manmohan Singh Wiki

In a 2005 meeting with the British writer Mark Tully, Singh said in regards to his Cambridge days:

“At (Cambridge) college I initially ended up aware of the inventive part of legislative issues in molding human issues, and I owe that for the most part to my instructors Joan Robinson and Nicholas Kaldor. Joan Robinson was a splendid instructor, however she likewise tried to stir the internal still, small voice of her understudies in a way that not very many others could accomplish. She doubted me an incredible arrangement and influenced me to think the incomprehensible.

She propounded the left wing translation of Keynes, keeping up that the state needs to assume to a greater degree a part on the off chance that you truly need to join advancement with social value. Kaldor impacted me considerably more; I discovered him down to earth, shining, animating. Joan Robinson was an extraordinary admirer of what was happening in China, yet Kaldor utilized the Keynesian investigation to exhibit that free enterprise could be made to work.” Manmohan Singh Wiki

After Cambridge, Singh came back to India to his showing position at Punjab University.

In 1960, Manmohan Singh went to the University of Oxford for the D.Phil, where Manmohan Singh was an individual from Nuffield College. His 1962 doctoral theory under supervision of I.M.D. Little was titled “India’s fare execution, 1951– 1960, send out prospects and strategy suggestions”, and was later the reason for his book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth”. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Early career

In the wake of finishing his D.Phil, Singh came back to India until the point that 1966 when Manmohan Singh went to work for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 1966– 1969. Afterward, Manmohan Singh was selected as a counsel to the Ministry of Foreign Trade by Lalit Narayan Mishra, in acknowledgment of Singh’s ability as a financial specialist. Manmohan Singh Wiki

From 1969 to 1971, Singh was a Professor of International Trade at the Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi.

In 1972, Singh was Chief Economic Adviser in the Ministry of Finance and in 1976 Manmohan Singh was Secretary in the Finance Ministry. In 1980– 1982 Manmohan Singh was at the Planning Commission, and in 1982, Manmohan Singh was selected Governor of the Reserve Bank of India under then Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and held the post until 1985. Manmohan Singh went ahead to end up the agent executive of the Planning Commission (India) from 1985 to 1987. Following his residency at the Planning Commission, Manmohan Singh was Secretary General of the South Commission, an autonomous financial strategy think tank headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland from 1987 to November 1990. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh came back to India from Geneva in November 1990 and held the post as the Advisor to Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs amid the residency of V. P. Singh. In March 1991, Manmohan Singh progressed toward becoming Chairman of the University Grants Commission. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Political career

In June 1991, India’s Prime Minister at the time, P. V. Narasimha Rao, picked Singh to be his Finance Minister. Singh revealed to Mark Tully the British columnist in 2005 “On the day (Rao) was defining his bureau, Manmohan Singh sent his Principal Secretary to me saying, ‘The PM might want you to wind up the Minister of Finance’. I didn’t consider it important. Manmohan Singh inevitably followed me down the following morning, rather furious, and requested that I get spruced up and come to Rashtrapati Bhavan for the swearing in. With the goal that’s the way I began in legislative issues”. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Minister of Finance

In 1991, India’s monetary shortfall was near 8.5 for each penny of the total national output, the adjust of installments shortage was immense and the present record deficiency was near 3.5 percent of India’s GDP. India’s outside stores scarcely added up to US$1, sufficiently billion to pay for 2 weeks of imports, in contrast with US$283 billion today. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Clearly, India was confronting a monetary emergency. Now, the administration of India looked for stores from the supranational International Monetary Fund, which, while helping India monetarily, forced a few conditions with respect to India’s financial approach. As a result, IMF-directed strategy implied that the universal License Raj must be destroyed, and India’s endeavor at a state-controlled economy needed to end. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Manmohan disclosed to the PM and the gathering that India is confronting a remarkable emergency. However the majority of the gathering opposed deregulation. So Chidambaram and Manmohan disclosed to the gathering that the economy would fall in the event that it was not deregulated. To the unnerve of the gathering, Rao enabled Manmohan to deregulate the Indian economy. Manmohan Singh Wiki

In this manner, Singh, who had up to this point been a standout amongst the most persuasive draftsmen of India’s communist economy, disposed of the allow raj, lessened state control of the economy, and diminished import charges. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Rao and Singh therefore actualized arrangements to open up the economy and change India’s communist economy to a more free enterprise one, in the process destroying the License Raj, a framework that restrained the success of private organizations. They expelled numerous deterrents obstructing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and started the procedure of the privatization of open segment organizations. Be that as it may, notwithstanding these changes, Rao’s legislature was voted out in 1996 due to non-execution of government in different zones. In acclaim of Singh’s work that pushed India towards a market economy, long-lasting Cabinet serve P. Chidambaram has alluded to Singh as the Deng Xiaoping of India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

In 1993, Singh offered his acquiescence from the post of Finance Minister after a parliamentary examination report scrutinized his service for not having the capacity to expect a US$1.8 billion securities outrage. Leader Rao declined Singh’s acquiescence, rather encouraging to rebuff the people straightforwardly denounced in the report. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha

Singh was first chosen to the upper place of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, in 1991 by the governing body of the territory of Assam, and was re-chosen in 1995, 2001, 2007 and 2013. From 1998 to 2004, while the Bharatiya Janata Party was in control, Singh was the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. In 1999, Manmohan Singh challenged for the Lok Sabha from South Delhi yet was not able win the seat. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Prime Minister of India

14th Lok Sabha

After the 2004 general decisions, the Indian National Congress finished the officeholder National Democratic Alliance (NDA) residency by turning into the political party with the single biggest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. It shaped United Progressive Alliance (UPA) with partners and staked claim to frame government. In an unexpected move, Chairperson Sonia Gandhi pronounced Manmohan Singh, a technocrat, as the UPA possibility for the Prime Ministership.

Regardless of the way that Singh had never won a Lok Sabha situate, as per the BBC, Manmohan Singh “has appreciated huge mainstream bolster, not slightest in light of the fact that he was seen by numerous as a spotless government official untouched by the spoil of defilement that has go through numerous Indian organizations.” He guaranteed as the Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2004. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Economic policy

In 1991, Singh as Finance Minister, liberated India from the License Raj, wellspring of moderate monetary development and debasement in the Indian economy for a considerable length of time. Manmohan Singh changed the Indian economy, enabling it to accelerate advancement drastically. Amid his term as Prime Minister, Singh kept on empowering development in the Indian market, getting a charge out of broad achievement in these issues.

Singh, alongside the previous Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram, have directed a period where the Indian economy has developed with a 8– 9% monetary development rate. In 2007, India accomplished its most noteworthy GDP development rate of 9% and turned into the second quickest developing real economy on the planet. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh’s legislature has proceeded with the Golden Quadrilateral and the parkway modernisation program that was started by Vajpayee’s administration. Singh has likewise been taking a shot at transforming the keeping money and budgetary divisions, and open segment organizations. The Finance service has been working towards diminishing agriculturists of their obligation and has been working towards professional industry arrangements. In 2005, Singh’s legislature presented the esteem included assessment, supplanting deals charge. In 2007 and mid 2008, the worldwide issue of expansion affected India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Healthcare and education

In 2005, Prime Minister Singh and his administration’s wellbeing service began the National Rural Health Mission, which has prepared a large portion of a million group wellbeing laborers. This rustic wellbeing activity was adulated by the American business analyst Jeffrey Sachs. In 2006, his Government executed the proposition to save 27% of seats in All India Institute of Medical Studies (AIIMS), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and other focal foundations of advanced education for Other Backward Classes which prompted 2006 Indian against reservation challenges. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Eight more IIT’s were opened in the conditions of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Orissa, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh. The Singh government additionally proceeded with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan program. The program incorporates the presentation and change of noontime dinners and the opening of schools all finished India, particularly in provincial territories, to battle ignorance. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Security and Home Affairs

Singh’s administration has been instrumental in reinforcing against dread laws with changes to Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA). National Investigation Agency (India) (NIA) was additionally made not long after the Nov 2008 Mumbai fear assaults, as requirement for a focal office to battle psychological warfare was figured it out. Likewise, Unique Identification Authority of India was set up in February 2009, an office in charge of actualizing the imagined Multipurpose National Identity Card with the target of expanding national security and encouraging e-administration. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh’s organization started a gigantic reproduction exertion in Kashmir to settle the district yet after some time of progress, radical penetration and psychological warfare in Kashmir has expanded since 2009. In any case, the Singh organization has been effective in diminishing psychological warfare in Northeast India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Legislations

The imperative National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) and the Right to Information Act were passed by the Parliament in 2005 amid his residency. While the viability of the NREGA has been fruitful at different degrees, in different locales, the RTI demonstration has demonstrated critical in India’s battle against defilement. New money benefits were likewise presented for dowagers, pregnant ladies, and landless people. Manmohan Singh Wiki

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 was passed on 29 August 2013 in the Lok Sabha (bring down place of the Indian parliament) and on 4 September 2013 in Rajya Sabha (upper place of the Indian parliament). The bill got the consent of the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee on 27 September 2013. The Act came into drive from 1 January 2014. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was established on 4 August 2009, which portrays the modalities of the significance of free and necessary training for youngsters in the vicinity of 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India wound up one of 135 nations to make training an essential right of each youngster when the demonstration came into constrain on 1 April 2010.  Manmohan Singh Wiki

Foreign policy

Manmohan Singh has proceeded with the logical outside approach that was begun by P.V. Narasimha Rao and proceeded by Bharatiya Janata Party’s Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Singh has proceeded with the peace procedure with Pakistan started by his ancestor, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Trade of abnormal state visits by top pioneers from the two nations have featured his residency.

Endeavors have been made amid Singh’s residency to end the fringe debate with People’s Republic of China. In November 2006, Chinese President Hu Jintao went by India which was trailed by Singh’s visit to Beijing in January 2008. A noteworthy advancement in Sino-Indian relations was the reviving of the Nathula Pass in 2006 in the wake of being shut for over four decades. Starting at 2010, the People’s Republic of China is the second greatest exchange accomplice of India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Relations with Afghanistan have additionally enhanced extensively, with India now turning into the biggest territorial contributor to Afghanistan. Amid Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s visit to New Delhi in August 2008, Manmohan Singh expanded the guide bundle to Afghanistan for the improvement of more schools, wellbeing facilities, foundation, and protection. Under the authority of Singh, India has developed as one of the single biggest guide benefactors to Afghanistan. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh’s legislature has worked towards more grounded ties with the United States. Manmohan Singh went to the United States in July 2005 starting arrangements over the Indo-US regular citizen atomic understanding. This was trailed by George W. Shrubbery’s effective visit to India in March 2006, amid which the assertion over the atomic assention was made, giving India access to American atomic fuel and innovation while India should permit IAEA assessment of its common atomic reactors.

After over two years for more arrangements, trailed by endorsement from the IAEA, Nuclear Suppliers Group and the US Congress, India and the US consented to the arrangement on 10 October 2008 with Pranab Mukherjee speaking to India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh had the principal official state visit to the White House amid the organization of US President Barack Obama. The visit occurred in November 2009, and a few exchanges occurred, including on exchange and atomic power.Manmohan Singh Wiki

Relations have enhanced with Japan and European Union nations, similar to the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. Relations with Iran have proceeded and arrangements over the Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline have occurred. New Delhi facilitated an India– Africa Summit in April 2006 which was gone to by the pioneers of 15 African states. Relations have enhanced with other creating nations, especially Brazil and South Africa. Singh conveyed forward the force which was set up after the “Brasilia Declaration” in 2003 and the IBSA Dialog Forum was framed. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh’s administration has additionally been particularly enthusiastic about extending ties with Israel. Since 2003, the two nations have made noteworthy interests in each other and Israel now matches Russia to wind up India’s barrier accomplice. In spite of the fact that there have been a couple of strategic glitches amongst India and Russia, particularly finished the postponement and cost climb of a few Russian weapons to be conveyed to India, relations between the two stay solid with India and Russia consenting to different arrangements to build safeguard, atomic vitality and space co-task. Manmohan Singh Wiki

15th Lok Sabha

India held general races to the fifteenth Lok Sabha in five stages between 16 April 2009 and 13 May 2009. The consequences of the decision were declared on 16 May 2009. Solid appearing in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh helped the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) shape the new government under the officeholder Singh, who turned into the principal executive since Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962 to win re-decision in the wake of finishing an entire five-year term.

The Congress and its partners could assemble an agreeable greater part with help from 322 individuals out of 543 individuals from the House. These incorporated those of the UPA and the outside help from the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party (SP), Janata Dal (Secular) (JD(S)), Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and other minor gatherings. Manmohan Singh Wiki

On 22 May 2009, Manmohan Singh was confirmed as the Prime Minister amid a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The 2009 Indian general decision was the biggest just race on the planet held to date, with a qualified electorate of 714 million. Manmohan Singh Wiki

The 2012 report documented by the CAG in Parliament of India expresses that because of designation of coal squares to certain privately owned businesses without offering process the country endured evaluated loss of Rs 1.85 trillion (short scale) in the vicinity of 2005 and 2009 in which Manmohan Singh was the coal pastor of India. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Manmohan Singh declined to show up before a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) in April 2013 when called upon by one of the individuals from JPC Yashwant Sinha for his asserted inclusion in the 2G Case. Manmohan Singh Wiki

16th Lok Sabha

Singh did not challenge the 2014 general race for the sixteenth Lok Sabha and surrendered his post as leader toward the finish of his term on 17 May 2014. Manmohan Singh filled in as the acting executive till 25 May 2014, when Narendra Modi was confirmed as the new head administrator. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Post-premiership

In 2016 it was reported that Singh was to take up a situation at Panjab University as the Jawaharlal Nehru Chair. Singh won’t lead look into yet rather connecting with understudies and offices to rouse them. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Public image

The Independent portrayed Singh as “one of the world’s most loved pioneers” and “a man of remarkable goodness and elegance,” taking note of that Manmohan Singh drives a Maruti 800, one of the humblest autos in the Indian market. Khushwant Singh praised Singh as the best head administrator India has had, notwithstanding appraising him higher than Jawaharlal Nehru. Manmohan Singh specifies an occurrence in his book Absolute Khushwant:

The Low-Down on Life, Death and Most things in the middle of where in the wake of losing the 1999 Lok Sabha decisions, Singh promptly restored the ₹2 lakh (US$3,100) Manmohan Singh had obtained from the essayist for procuring taxis. Naming him as the best case of respectability, Khushwant Singh expressed, “When individuals discuss honesty, I say the best illustration is the man who possesses the nation’s most astounding office.” Manmohan Singh Wiki

In 2010, Newsweek magazine remembered him as a world pioneer who is regarded by different heads of state, depicting him as “the pioneer different pioneers love.” The article cited Mohamed ElBaradei, who commented that Singh is “the model of what a political pioneer ought to be.” Singh additionally got the World Statesman Award in 2010. Henry Kissinger portrayed Singh as “a statesman with vision, tirelessness and uprightness”, and applauded him for his “administration, which has been instrumental in the monetary change in progress in India.” Manmohan Singh Wiki

Manmohan Singh was positioned 18 on the 2010 Forbes rundown of the world’s most intense individuals. Forbes magazine depicted Singh as being “generally adulated as India’s best head administrator since Nehru”. Australian writer Greg Sheridan commended Singh “as one of the best statesmen in Asian history.” Singh was later positioned 19 and 28 of every 2012 and 2013 in Forbes list. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Time magazine’s Asia version for 10– 17 July 2012 week, on its cover commented that Singh was an “underachiever”. It expressed that Singh seems “unwilling to stick his neck out” on changes that will return the nation on development way. Congress representative, Manish Tiwari disproved the charges. UPA partner Lalu Prasad Yadav disagreed with the magazine’s announcements. Adulating the administration, Prasad said UPA ventures doing admirably and asked, “What will America say as their own economy is broken?”. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Political adversaries including L. K. Advani have asserted that Singh is a “powerless” Prime Minister. Advani pronounced “Manmohan Singh is feeble. What do I call a man who can’t take his choices until 10 Janpath gives guideline.” The Independent additionally asserted that Singh did not have certifiable political power. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh’s open picture had been discolored with his coalition government having been blamed for different defilement outrages since the beginning of its second term in 2009. Restriction requested his acquiescence for his claimed inaction and hesitation in 2G range case and Indian coal allotment trick. Senior MP of the Communist Party of India Gurudas Dasgupta blamed Manmohan Singh for “Abandonment of obligation”, charging that Manmohan Singh (the PM) was completely mindful of inconsistencies in administering of 2G telecom licenses. Manmohan Singh Wiki

His gathering, the Indian National Congress, was condemned by the Supreme Court for designating P.J. Thomas as the CVC boss, while there was a progressing debasement enquiry against a similar individual in the Palmolein Oil Import Scam. Manmohan Singh has come in for extreme feedback for staying quiet on the issue. Singh was additionally censured for permitting portion of S-band range with no offering to ISRO by an understanding. The understanding was between Devas sight and sound, a private firm and Antrix Corporation, a business wing of ISRO. Manmohan Singh Wiki

He has been generally seen as tolerating the part as “situate hotter” for Rahul Gandhi; this was felt to have undermined the establishment of the head administrator. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Family and personal life

Singh wedded Gursharan Kaur in 1958. They have three little girls, Upinder Singh, Daman Singh and Amrit Singh. Upinder Singh is a teacher of history at Delhi University. She has composed six books, including Ancient Delhi (1999) and A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India (2008). Daman Singh is an alum of St. Stephen’s College, Delhi and Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Gujarat, and creator of The Last Frontier: People and Forests in Mizoram and a novel Nine by Nine, Amrit Singh is a staff lawyer at the American Civil Liberties Union. Ashok Pattnaik, 1983 group IPS officer, child in-law of previous Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, was selected CEO of National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) in 2016. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Singh has experienced different heart sidestep surgeries, the latest of which occurred in January 2009. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Honours, awards and international recognition

In March 1983, Punjab University granted him Doctor of Letters and in 2009 made a Dr. Manmohan Singh seat in their financial aspects office. In 1997, the University of Alberta granted him a Honorary Doctor of Law degree. The University of Oxford granted him a privileged Doctor of Civil Law degree in July 2005, and in October 2006, the University of Cambridge took after with a similar respect.

St. John’s College additionally respected him by naming a PhD Scholarship after him, the Dr. Manmohan Singh Scholarship. In 2008, he was granted privileged Doctor of Letters degree by Benaras Hindu University and soon thereafter he was granted a privileged doctorate degree by University of Madras. In 2010, he was granted privileged doctorate degree by King Saud University and in 2013, he was granted privileged doctorate degree by Moscow State Institute of International Relations. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Encourage more, he has likewise gotten privileged doctorates from University of Bologna, University of Jammu and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee. Manmohan Singh Wiki

Degrees and posts held

  • BA (Hons) in Economics 1952; MA First Class in Economics, 1954 Panjab University, Chandigarh (then in Hoshiarpur, Punjab), India
  • Honours degree in Economics, University of Cambridge – St John’s College (1957)
    • Senior Lecturer, Economics (1957–1959)
    • Reader (1959–1963)
    • Professor (1963–1965)
    • Professor of International Trade (1969–1971)
  • DPhil in Economics, University of Oxford – Nuffield College (1962)
  • Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi
    • Honorary Professor (1966)
  • Chief, Financing for Trade Section, UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat, New York
    • 1966 : Economic Affairs Officer 1966
  • Economic Advisor, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India (1971–1972)
  • Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, India, (1972–1976)
  • Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (1976)
  • Director, Reserve Bank of India (1976–1980)
  • Director, Industrial Development Bank of India (1976–1980)
  • Board of Governors, Asian Development Bank, Manila
  • Secretary, Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs), Government of India, (1977–1980)
  • Governor, Reserve Bank of India (1982–1985)
  • Deputy chairman, Planning Commission of India, (1985–1987)
  • Secretary General, South Commission, Geneva (1987–1990)
  • Advisor to Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs (1990–1991)
  • Chairman, University Grants Commission (15 March 1991 – 20 June 1991)
  • Finance Minister of India, (21 June 1991 – 15 May 1996)
  • Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (1998–2004)
  • Prime Minister of India (22 May 2004 – 26 May 2014)

Manmohan Singh Wiki

 

 

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